Monthly Archives: November 2011

Fotógrafo retrata a poluição com belas imagens; acima, sobras de cinzas de uma usina a carvão na Louisiana (EUA) (Fotografia: J Henry Fair)

O fotógrafo americano J. Henry Fair reuniu em um site algumas de suas famosas fotos aéreas mostrando a ‘beleza’ causada pela devastação do ambiente.

Reunidas na exposição digital “Industrial Scars” (“Cicatrizes Industriais”, em tradução livre), a poluição é exposta com cores vivas que transformam uma paisagem destruída em um espetáculo de cores e texturas.

As cores da foto acima são devido aos resíduos de bauxita, vindos da produção de alumínio em Darrow, na Louisiana. (Fotografia: J Henry Fair)

O fotógrafo, que é de Nova York, tenta atrair o público para a questão da destruição do ambiente por meio da beleza das imagens.

Fair afirma que, inicialmente, fotografou coisas “feias”, com a intenção de simplesmente jogar o questionamento sobre estética para as pessoas.

Usina química perto de Nova Orleans que fabrica itens para cosméticos e embalagens plásticas. (Fotografia: J Henry Fair)

“Com o tempo, comecei a fotografar todas estas coisas de forma a transformá-las em algo simultaneamente belo e assustador”, escreveu o fotógrafo no site da mostra digital.

O objetivo de Fair é atrair as pessoas com a beleza das imagens para que elas queiram aprender mais sobre o que cada uma mostra.

Imagem do golfo do México mostra vazamento de óleo da plataforma Deepwater Horizon, que explodiu em 2010. (Fotografia: J Henry Fair)

As imagens exibem rios poluídos retratados como vasos sanguíneos em meio a uma paisagem tomada pelo enxofre, resíduos de herbicidas que invadem a paisagem como uma camada de algas na água e até o vazamento de petróleo da plataforma Deepwater Horizon, no golfo do México.

As fotos estão no livro “The Day After Tomorrow: Images of Our Earth in Crisis” (sem tradução, publicado pela powerHouse Books).

Um rio poluído lembra a um vaso sanguíneo em meio ao enxofre em Fort McMurray, no Canadá. (Fotografia: J Henry Fair)

Fonte: Folha / BBC News



Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication

Beijing, 16 November 2011 – A new UN report demonstrates that governments and businesses alike are taking steps to accelerate a global shift towards a low-carbon, resource-efficient and socially inclusive green future.

From China to Barbados, Brazil to South Africa, countries are developing Green Economy strategies and activities to spur greater economic growth and jobs, environmental protection and equality.

In a statement issued on the release of UNEP’s flagship report, Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said: “With the world looking ahead to the Rio+20 UN Conference on Sustainable Development in June 2012, the UNEP Green Economy report challenges the myth that there is a trade-off between the economy and the environment. With smart public policies, governments can grow their economies, generate decent employment and accelerate social progress in a way that keeps humanity’s ecological footprint within the planet’s carrying capacity.”

Key Messages

The report, a result of a three-year global research effort involving hundreds of experts, underwent a three-month public review before being unveiled today. It confirms that an investment of two percent of global GDP across 10 key sectors is what is required to kick-start a shift from the current brown, polluting and inefficient economy to a green one.

– The report estimates that such a transition would grow the global economy at around the same rate, if not higher, than those forecast, under current economic models.

– But without rising risks, shocks, scarcities and crises increasingly inherent in the existing, resource-depleting, high carbon ‘brown’ economy, says the study.

– In addition to higher growth, an overall transition to a Green Economy would realize per capita incomes higher than under current economic models, while reducing the ecological footprint by nearly 50 per cent in 2050, as compared to business-as-usual.

– The Green Economy Report acknowledges that in the short-term, job losses in some sectors – fisheries for example – are inevitable if they are to transition towards sustainability.

– However, it adds that over time the number of “new and decent jobs created” in sectors – ranging from renewable energies to more sustainable agriculture – will, however, offset those lost from the former “brown economy”.

As a result, a growing number of countries are undertaking activities to accelerate this transition.

At the China Council meeting this week, for example, the government’s international advisory group is expected to put forward its own study for moving towards a Green Economy.

China is the world’s lead investor in renewable energy, overtaking Spain in 2009 and spending US$49 billion in 2010. Overall, China is committed to spending US$468 billion over the next five years, more than double the previous five years, on key industries, including renewable energy, clean technologies and waste management.

“China considers the Green Economy to be a strategic choice in an increasingly resource constrained world, and we have made that choice in our development plans,” said Mr. He Bingguang, Director General of the Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection in China’s National Development and Reform Commission.

“We appreciate UNEP’s contribution in promoting a global Green Economy transformation, which holds the potential for all countries to benefit,” he added.

Some countries, such as Barbados, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea and South Africa, already have national Green Economy plans that reflect the report’s recommendations.

Others such as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Kenya, Jordan, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, Senegal and Ukraine are focusing on greening priority sectors, such as agriculture, renewable energy, tourism and clean technologies.

Today in Rwanda, East African countries are meeting to explore how laws and regulatory frameworks can help drive a Green Economy at the national and regional level. Participants from Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, as well as Rwanda, will examine case studies and continent-wide initiatives, the latter being led by the African Union.

On the business side, UNEP has teamed up with 285 of the world’s leading investors, representing US$20 trillion in assets, who called on governments to mobilize action on climate change, including investments in emerging industries – like renewables and green buildings. Similar calls have been echoed by the International Chamber of Commerce, which represents hundreds of thousands of businesses in more than 130 countries.

“The elements of a transition to a Green Economy are clearly emerging across developing and developed countries alike. There are now some nations going further and faster than others which is in many ways generating a ‘pull factor’ that, if maintained, may bring others along over the coming months and years,” said Achim Steiner, UN Under Secretary General and Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).

The recent drive in clean investment is not only benefitting emerging economies, but also other developing countries. According to the latest Bloomberg figures, global investments in renewable energy jumped 32 per cent in 2010, to a record US$211 billion. After the emerging economies of Brazil, China and India, countries in Africa posted the highest percentage increase of all developing regions.

In Egypt, renewable energy investment rose by US$800 million to US$1.3 billion as a result of the solar thermal project in Kom Ombo and a 220 megawatt onshore wind farm in the Gulf of Zayt. In Kenya, investment climbed from virtually zero in 2009 to US$1.3 billion in 2010 across technologies such as wind, geothermal, small-scale hydro and biofuels.

In the California Mojave Desert, one of the world’s largest solar-thermal power plants is under construction and others are also being built in Spain and other parts of the United States.

“The Durban climate convention meeting in a few week’s time and Rio+20 next year are key opportunities to accelerate and scale-up the Green Economy. Central cooperative actions range from advancing Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), moving on green procurement to switch national efforts into the sustainability space up to a new indicator of wealth that goes beyond GDP and internalizes the costs of pollution and degradation while bringing the true value of the planet’s nature-based assets into calculations of a successful and sustainable economic path,” said Mr. Steiner.

A series of UN-backed regional consultations on the Green Economy have underscored the growing interest in the report. While issues of financing and trade need to be addressed further, there is an acknowledgement that the current economic model, based solely on GDP growth, has resulted in the gross misallocation of capital and inequitable distribution of wealth.

The Report shows that investing the equivalent of two per cent of global GDP into agriculture, energy, buildings, water, forestry, fisheries, manufacturing, waste, tourism and transport would not only shift the global economy onto a more sustainable growth trajectory, but it would actually maintain or increase growth over time compared to the current business-as-usual scenario.

Policy recommendations on each of the 10 key sectors, as well as on finance and enabling conditions, are outlined in the report.

On transport, for example, the report suggests that prices need to take account of the societal costs accumulated as a result of congestion, accidents and pollution, which in some cases amount to over 10 per cent of the national or regional GDP. In Beijing, a 2009 study estimated that the social costs induced by motorized transportation are equivalent to between 7.5 and 15 per cent of the city’s GDP.

Globally, the transport sector’s impact on natural resources is wide-ranging, from the manufacturing of vehicles, which uses metals and plastics, to its use of fossil fuels, which involves engine oil, rubber and other consumable materials. Between 2007 and 2030, the transport sector is expected to account for 97 per cent of the increase in the world’s primary oil use.

With the number of vehicles in China expected to more than triple during this period, the government is promoting low-carbon, energy efficient cars and related infrastructure. In the city of Shenzhen, home of China’s first electric car, plans are underway to build large recharging stations and replace traditional buses with more than 7,000 electric ones in five years time.

Generating Jobs

The Green Economy Report suggests that over time “new and decent jobs” will be catalyzed in these key sectors. A recent study by ILO and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), entitled, Low Carbon Development and Green Employment in China, confirms that this is the case.

It provides a list of likely winners and losers and the scale of direct and indirect impact involved to identify net gains. It concludes that while 800,000 workers in small coal power plants in China are likely to lose their jobs due to climate mitigation actions, some 2.5 million jobs could be created by 2020 in the wind energy sector alone.

Currently, Denmark is home to the world’s top wind turbine manufacturer in terms of market volume, and China is in second place, followed by the United States and then another Chinese company. Germany ranks fifth. However, Germany has recently committed to scale up its renewable energy, following a decision to phase out nuclear power by 2022, and has thus set a target to source 35 per cent of its electricity from renewable energies by 2022, instead of the earlier target of 19 per cent.

In Africa, despite recent economic gains, there is increasing interest in creating green and decent employment. Representatives from 11 African countries met in June this year with ILO, UNDP and UNEP to look at case studies in the areas of recycling, sustainable construction and natural resource management. As a result, participants adopted action plans for creating green jobs in fisheries, agriculture and forestry, sectors which represent over 70 per cent of the employment in the region.

In Brazil, the ILO recently helped support the construction of 500,000 new homes with solar heating systems, resulting in 30,000 new jobs. In South Africa, a similar project on water ecosystem restoration created 25,000 green jobs for previously unemployed people, and at the same time, restored vital freshwater sources.

Generating Social Equity

Approximately two billion people live on smallholder farms, and despite making a significant contribution to food security, the majority of these farmers are malnourished and live in poverty. Low prices, unfair trade practice and a lack of transport contribute to their dilemma. The Green Economy Report argues that by moving to more sustainable agriculture practices, these farmers could increase their yields and profits.

Globally, an investment of US$100-300 billion per year in green agriculture, between now and 2050, could lead to better soil quality and better yields for major crops, representing a 10 per cent increase over the current business-as-usual strategies. As many of these farmers are also women, any benefits would most likely be shared with their families and communities.

The waste sector is another area that is expected to enhance social equity. Efforts to green the sector are often driven by cost savings, environmental awareness and resource scarcity.

However, the report notes that greening the sector not only requires improving the often sub-standard waste treatment and disposal facilities, it also entails training the workers, providing more equitable compensation and ensuring proper health care protection for them. Decentralizing large scale, capital-intensive waste management operations could also provide more employment opportunities in the community.

Electronic waste (or e-waste) is also a concern, particularly for developing countries. Current estimates suggest 20 to 50 million tonnes of e-waste are generated each year, while trade in waste becomes more prevalent, heightening threats to human health and the environment.

As sales in mobile phones and computers continue to grow in China, India, and across Africa and Latin America, the report finds that resource recovery and recycling offer the greatest potential in terms of contributing to a Green Economy.

Notes to the Editors:

Rio Earth Summit: In 1992 the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, popularly known as the Rio Earth Summit, was convened in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to address the state of the environment and sustainable development. In June 2012, there will be the follow up meeting or Rio+20 in Brazil, where one of the main themes governments are expected to address is Green Economy “in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication”.

Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication can be found on the UNEP website:

For more information, please contact:

Nick Nuttall, UNEP Division of Communication and Public Information Acting Director and Spokesman, Tel. or or email

Ms. Jiang Nanqing, UNEP China Office, Tel. , Mobile: , Email:

Ms. Chen Hao, UNEP China Office, Tel: , Mobile: , Email:

Source: UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme


(Forografia: Divulgação)

De olho no mercado chinês, a Peugeot vai apresentar durante o salão de Xangai, que começa no dia 20, o conceito SXC, um híbrido de traços agressivos e atraentes. Segundo a fabricante francesa, os faróis frontais em LED conferem ao veículo um “olhar de Leão”, em sintonia com o emblema da marca, disposto logo acima, no capô. Na traseira, as lanternas têm formato de bumerangue. As barras do teto e as bordas da superfície lateral são em alumínio escovado.

Este conceito de crossover conta com a tecnologia HYbrid4, que consiste em um motor a combustão responsável por mover as rodas dianteiras além de um motor elétrico, que aciona as rodas posteriores. Em baixa velocidade é possível dirigir só no modo elétrico, o que garante emissões zeros. Quando combinados, os motores entregam ao carro uma potência de 313 cv e garantem um consumo de 5,8l/100km e emissões de CO2 de 143 g/km. Com quatro bancos e teto panorâmico, o SXC tem 4,87 m de comprimento, 1,61 m de altura e 2,035 m de largura.

Autor: Vanessa Barbosa
Fonte: Exame


With the UK’s major energy suppliers bumping up their prices by up to 18% this winter, the belated arrival of the cold winds represents a great opportunity to look at ways of cutting your fuel bills.

The imminent announcement of a consultation on the government’s Green Deal, which aims to help you make your home more energy-efficient, should provide an added incentive.

And there are lots of ways you can save money – in some cases a great deal – just by making a few simple upgrades to your home.

Some improvements cost virtually nothing and can take a matter of minutes to install; others require a bit of capital and expert help. Others still require small changes in habits that should more than reward the effort.

All are well worth considering. According to the Energy Saving Trust (EST), the average household could save about £280 a year on its fuel bills by being more energy efficient. Bearing in mind the average bill is about £1,300, that’s quite some saving.

This equates to more than a tonne of carbon emissions every year, thus helping to combat rising global temperatures.

There are plenty of schemes around to help you get a better idea of what upgrading your home to make it more efficient actually involves.

Old Homes Super Homes is one such project, which is supported by the National Energy Foundation. Sarah Harrison, who takes part in the scheme, says it can help people understand not just the financial benefits of so-called retro-fitting, but also how upgrading homes can improve your quality of life.


When it comes to energy efficiency, the smallest measures are often the most effective, so insulation is a good place to start.

For example, a simple hot water tank cover can cost as little as £10-£15 but it could save you three times this much in a single year.

Doors and windows can then be sealed quickly and easily using self-adhesive foam and rubber strips, and draught excluders. Seal up any gaps between your floors and skirting boards and, together, these measure could save you more than £50 a year, according to the EST.

Next look at insulating your loft and walls properly – about a third of an uninsulated home’s heat is lost through the walls, and about a quarter through the roof.

Walls will require varying degrees of works depending on their construction, but proper insulation can save hundreds of pounds a year. Just topping up your loft insulation can also shave a substantial amount off your annual bills.

Also look at secondary and double glazing – almost 20% of heat loss from the average home comes from windows.


Upgrading old electric storage heaters to modern alternatives can save you more than £100 a year, and in some cases considerably more.

Replacing an old, inefficient boiler with an A-rated condensing model could save as much £300 a year, although you will have to decide whether this is worth the £1,000 to £2,000 cost of buying and installing one.

Even fitting a room thermostat could save you more than £50 a year.

Energy-efficient behaviour

You may scoff at the point of turning off appliances when you’re not using them, but add up all the savings and they can be worthwhile.

For example, switching plugs off at the wall and avoiding standby mode on TVs, computers, stereos and the like, together with switching off lights when you don’t need them, could save you almost £50 a year.

Wash your clothes at 30 degrees instead of 40 and don’t use a tumble dryer in the summer, and you could save another £30.

Upgrading appliances/electronics

Replacing an old fridge freezer or dishwasher just to save on energy is not a particularly efficient way to spend your money, but if you need to replace any domestic appliance, then it may be worth spending a little extra to get the most energy-efficient model you can afford.

They are all rated by law, from A to G, so you can tell how efficient they are. However, there is a great deal of variation within these bands, so also make sure you look at the specific figures on energy consumption. Some appliances, such as dishwashers and washing machines, also have grades A+++, A++ and A+.

Very roughly, a new efficient appliance could save you between £20 and £40 a year on energy bills, according to the EST.

More modern consumer electronics are also more energy-efficient. And if you’re looking for a new television, bear in mind that LED TVs are more efficient than LCDs, which in turn are a good deal more efficient than Plasmas, according to Which?

Not strictly an appliance, granted, but replacing old incandescent light bulbs with energy efficient versions can save you £3 a pop.

Energy generation and renewables

These measures aren’t about upgrading what you already have, but investing in technologies that allow you to generate your own energy.

As a result, they can be quite expensive, which is one of main reasons why the government is launching its Green Deal.

One way is to use wood to heat your home. According to the EST, replacing electric heaters with a wood pellet heating system could save as much as £580 a year.

Carbon emissions would also be reduced, as the carbon dioxide given off when burning is offset by the carbon absorbed by the tree from which the wood was cut.

Solar panels are another popular way to generate power, and can typically provide about three-quarters of an average home’s electricity needs.

Wind turbines are an alternative that, if situated in the right part of the country, can provide more than enough electricity to power a typical home.

Government feed-in tariffs mean you get paid to generate electricity, and for selling any excess to the main grid. In fact, one turbine could generate savings and income of more than £3,000 a year including tariffs, the EST says.

Another option is heat pumps, which take heat from the air or the ground but which need electricity to run. In some cases, these are better at saving on carbon emissions than money.

You will need to calculate the payback time carefully when deciding whether to invest in any these technologies. But remember that if you sell your home, the buyer can also benefit from the cost savings, which can add to the value of your property.

Feed-in tariffs are available for domestic energy generation

Author: Richard Anderson and Damian Kahya
Source: BBC News


As qualidades da cortiça voltam a ser consideradas. (Fotografia: Fernando Veludo / NFACTOS)

Década “traumática” começa a ser ultrapassada, mas o presidente da Corticeira Amorim acredita, agora, que o futuro do sector será seguramente mais promissor.

Depois de 10 anos “relativamente traumáticos” na fileira da cortiça, prenuncia-se um futuro “seguramente bem mais promissor”, revelou, optimista, António Rios Amorim, presidente conselho de administração da Corticeira Amorim, durante o seminário Valor dos Serviços Públicos do Montado de Sobro, realizado recentemente em Grândola.

O sector das rolhas teve de suportar um “ataque fortíssimo” de produtos alternativos – como vedantes sintéticos e cápsulas de alumínio, lembrou António Amorim. De tal forma que, em 2009/2010, Portugal detinha apenas 65% da quota mundial de produção de rolhas. Mas em 2011 já se assiste ao início da recuperação, com as vendas a representarem um peso de 68% no mercado. Mesmo assim, um desempenho que fica muito distante do registo de 1994, quando o país detinha 97% da quota de mercado de rolhas.

Os vedantes alternativos começaram a ganhar espaço nas vendas no início da década passada, mas baixaram de 18,4% em 2007, para 14,4% este ano. Os plásticos estão claramente em regressão. Os ganhadores desta batalha têm sido as cápsulas de alumínio, com um aumento crescente de quota.

Apesar do esforço do sector industrial, os seis biliões de rolhas de cortiça que são lançadas no mercado mundial nos dias de hoje são insuficientes para recuperar a posição de quase monopólio. “Temos ainda de recuperar uma parte da quota perdida para os produtos alternativos, entre 1 e 1,5 biliões de unidades”, assinala o presidente da Corticeira Amorim, convencido de que este desiderato pode ser atingido em 2012 – “se mantivermos a performance” registada em 2010, assinala.

O objectivo passa por alcançar uma melhor qualidade no fabrico das rolhas. E é aqui que entra a investigação: “Nós temos cientistas que melhoraram significativamente a performance da rolha de cortiça, e podemos dizer que já não é problema”.

António Amorim destaca o contributo que está a ser prestado pelos mesmos críticos que, em 2001, deram relevo ao funeral das rolhas de cortiça em Nova Iorque, garantindo que o seu protagonismo estava a chegar ao fim. Hoje, reconhecem que a rolha de cortiça “está a melhorar e a recuperar”, observa António Amorim. Das 100 marcas de vinhos mais vendidas nos Estados Unidos da América, “as que mais crescem são as que usam a cortiça como vedante e também aquelas que têm um preço médio mais alto”, descreve o empresário, salientando um pormenor que está a assumir uma importância progressiva: associa-se a cortiça a um vinho de qualidade e a rolha de plástico a um vinho de inferior qualidade”. A confirmá-lo está o segmento do champanhe e dos espumantes – é o que que mais cresce e o que está mais fidelizado à cortiça.

Desde 2009, as exportações de rolhas de cortiça cresceram quase 12% e, actualmente, o sector exporta cerca de 800 milhões de euros de produtos manufacturados em cortiça, com a supremacia para a rolha. O sector atingiu o seu pico de exportações no ano 2000, com uma facturação de 917 milhões de euros.

Autor: Carlos Dias
Fonte: Ecosfera – Público


A number of European biodiesel refiners are likely to go under, and the EU will be under pressure to erect barriers to imports in the coming year as low demand in Europe for the green fuel combines with stiff competition from abroad.

“Many biodiesel companies are already in a critical situation, and there is a risk that this will be transformed into companies closing in the next months,” said Raffaello Garofalo, secretary general of the European biodiesel industry association EBB.

“Many companies have already closed, especially in Germany and Spain.”

The EBB estimates European Union 2011 biodiesel production capacity is at 22.1 million tonnes but that the industry is reaching only 44 percent of that capacity.

“Although the EU has got a nominal biodiesel capacity of more than 22 million tonnes, many plants have been at least temporarily closed down or idled and are not really producing,” said Rabobank analyst Susan Hansen.

“This is for instance the case in Germany, Spain, or Italy but actually across the whole of the EU.”

A poor EU rapeseed crop has made palm oil and soyoil-based biodiesel more price attractive.

German oilseeds analysts Oil World forecasts EU biodiesel output will fall to 9.07 million tonnes in 2011 from 9.54 million last year largely because of competition from imports.

“EU imports of biodiesel have increased sharply so far this year and will probably reach a record 2.52 million tonnes in January/December 2011, up 21 percent from last year,” Oil World said.

“We expect 1.4 million tonnes of biodiesel to arrive from Argentina and at least 830,000 tonnes from Indonesia and Singapore,” Oil World says.

That compares with imports of 1.1 million tonnes from Argentina and 516,000 tonnes from Indonesia and Singapore last year.

European biodiesel producers came under extra pressure earlier this year as environmentalists questioned the EU policies for green fuels, after studies said the cultivation of rapeseed, palm or soybeans as a feedstock for biodiesel was worse for climate change than the use of regular diesel.

Biodiesel refiners themselves are often unwilling to talk about the depth of the problem.

“The industry is in a very bad way, and we could see more closures pretty soon, especially in south Europe,” said one German refiner, who declined to be named.


A crisis could be approaching in Spain and Italy, where biodiesel capacity usage is falling to dramatically low levels.

“I cannot see how Spanish and Italian biodiesel producers will survive much longer at the terrible capacity usage rates we are currently seeing,” one oilseeds trader said.

“The signs are that biodiesel imports are causing an alarming fall in local output.”

Spain’s 2011 biodiesel output will drop 31 percent on the year to 550,000 tonnes, Oil World estimates. Spain’s biodiesel production capacity is 4.4 million tonnes.

Italy’s 2011 biodiesel output is likely to fall 40 percent on the year to 450,000 tonnes, Oil World forecasts. Italy’s annual capacity is 2.2 million tonnes.

More EU imports of palm-based biodiesel are expected, especially from Indonesia.

“Biodiesel demand for Europe at least keeps us in business and will keep palm oil prices very supportive next year despite expectations for strong production,” said an Indonesian trader who sells biodiesel to Germany.

But rising imports, especially from Indonesia, also threaten to create trade friction, with allegations of unfair prices.

“Palm oil and even biodiesel is sold in the internal market in Indonesia at a price which is higher than the price of exports to Europe,” said the EBB’s Garofalo. “There is clearly dumping. This also happens from time to time with Argentine imports.

“We are now talking to the EU Commission authorities to raise their attention to this issue.”

Rabobank’s Hansen said she would not be surprised if the EU moved to curb imports.

“Every time imports drastically increase, I believe the EU will find ways to – at least temporarily – put barriers in place by introducing tariffs on imported biodiesel for example,” she said.

The EBB is also calling on European governments to take more steps to reach the EU’s goal of 10 percent biofuel use in transport by 2020.

“This (low production) is a paradox when we have a desperate need to reduce greenhouse gases in transport to fight climate change,” Garofalo said.

Author: Michael Hogan and Ivana Sekularac
Additional reporting: Niluksi Koswanage
Editing: Jane Baird


(Fotografia: Divulgação)

Recentemente, o presidente da Fia (Federação Internacional de Automobilismo), Jean Todt, disse ao Financial Times que estaria cogitando criar uma categoria de corrida para veículos elétricos na Fórmula 1. O comentário, claro, causou euforia entre os entusiastas dos automobilismo verde. Não é por menos. Além das ruas das cidades, os modelos ecológicos querem ganhar também as pistas de corrida. É o caso do novo protótipo que a Nissan vai apresentar na abertura do salão de Nova York, nesta quarta (20).

Chamado de Nismo RC (Racing Competition), o veículo é alimentado por baterias de íon-lítio, as mesmas utilizadas no Nissan Leaf, o primeiro carro 100% elétrico comercializado em grande escala no mundo. O protótipo possui carroceria de fibra de carbono que, além de uma frente removível, inclui seções traseiras, janelas, farois de LED, lanternas e uma asa traseira ajustável. Ao contrário de outros veículos de competição, o RC NISMO não possui nenhum cano de escape. Com isso não emite CO2 e nem ruído de combustão.

Autor: Vanessa Barbosa
Fonte: Exame


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