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A companhia informou que a reserva, localizada no Município de Coari, a 25 km da província petrolífera de Urucu, indicou capacidade de produção diária de 1.400 barris


Plataforma petrolífera da Petrobras em alto mar. (Fotografia: Divulgação)

A Petrobras anunciou nesta sexta-feira a descoberta de uma nova acumulação de óleo e gás na Bacia do Solimões, no Amazonas.

Em comunicado ao mercado, a companhia informou que a reserva, localizada no Município de Coari, a 25 km da província petrolífera de Urucu (AM), indicou capacidade de produção diária de 1.400 barris de óleo de boa qualidade (41º API) e 45 mil m3 de gás, na Formação Juruá.

O poço foi perfurado a uma profundidade final de 3.295 metros.

“Este é o segundo sucesso exploratório no Bloco SOL-T-171, onde já está em andamento, desde 2010, o Plano de Avaliação da Descoberta do poço 1-BRSA-769-AM, informalmente conhecido como Igarapé Chibata”, afirmou a Petrobras.

Segundo a companhia, confirmada a viabilidade econômica das descobertas, elas viabilizarão a criação de um novo polo produtor de petróleo e gás natural na Bacia do Solimões.

A empresa detém 100 por cento dos direitos de exploração e produção na concessão. A companhia produz diariamente no Amazonas 53 mil barris de óleo e 11 milhões de m3 de gás natural além de 1,3 mil toneladas de GLP.

Fonte: Exame / Reuters
Original: http://bit.ly/yv7Ajb


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Green building is becoming so prevalent these days that it may not be enough to erect individual eco buildings anymore – the newest trend is entire eco-cities. Expected to be up and running in 2020, Tianjin Eco-City is one of these real-life sustainable communities, spanning 30 square kilometers and showcasing the hottest energy-saving technologies. Designed by Surbana Urban Planning Group, the city will have an advanced light rail transit system and varied eco-landscapes ranging from a sun-powered solarscape to a greenery-clad earthscape for its estimated 350,000 residents to enjoy.


Tianjin Eco-City is a fascinating, 30 square kilometer development designed to showcase the hottest new green technologies and to serve as a model for future developing Chinese cities. Designed by Surbana Urban Planning Group, the city is being built just 10 minutes away from the business parks at the Tianjin Economic-Development Area, making for a commute that should be a breeze with the development’s advanced light rail transit system. Even cooler, the community’s expected 350,000 residents will be able to choose different landscapes ranging from a sun-powered solarscape to a greenery-clad earthscape to enjoy.


Eco-City will make use of the latest sustainable technologies such as solar power, wind power, rainwater recycling, and wastewater treatment/desalination of sea water.


In order to reduce the city’s carbon emissions, residents will be encouraged to use an advanced light rail system, and China has also pledged that 90 percent of traffic within the city will be public transport.


The development also features some beautiful public green spaces.


The city will be divided into seven distinct sectors – a Lifescape, an Eco-Valley, a Solarscape, an Urbanscape, a Windscape, an Earthscape and Eco-Corridors.


Surrounded by greenery, the Lifescape will consist of a series of soil-topped mounds that will counteract the towering apartment buildings of the other communities.


To the north of the Lifescape, the Solarscape will act as the administrative and civic center of the Eco-City.


Demonstrating the concept of a compact, multilayered city, the Urbanscape will be the core of the Eco-City, featuring stacked programs interconnected by sky-bridges at multiple levels to make efficient use of vertical space.


An aerial view of the Urbanscape.


In contrast to the Urbanscape, the Earthscape will act as a sort of suburb of the city, with stepped architecture that will maximize public green space.


The Windscape corridor.


Last but not least, the Windscape will transform Qingtuozi, a century-old village surrounded by a small lake, into a venue for citizens to relax and recreate.

Source: The Huff Post Green
Original: http://huff.to/oE9uyq


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As permissões de carbono da União Europeia estão baratas demais para encorajar os investimentos ambientais, diz um projeto visto pela Reuters. No entanto, o documento não chega a pedir por políticas de intervenção de mercado, o que as companhias de energia argumentam que é urgentemente necessário.

O projeto de resolução a ser debatido pela UE em nível governamental apenas comentou que “um preço forte de permissões” era vital para uma economia de baixo carbono e que “os atuais preços das permissões do ETS fornecem incentivos substancialmente menores do que o previsto”.

O projeto também “reconhece a necessidade de dar atenção ao risco de vazamento de carbono”, em referência ao risco de que o carbono não emitido na zona do euro seja emitido em outro lugar se as regulamentações forem mal calculadas.

Organizações ambientais não-governamentais declararam que as conclusões desse projeto, que devem ser discutidas em um grupo de trabalho a ser adotado formalmente ainda neste ano, não confrontam o peso da opinião que apoia a intervenção para fortalecer o mercado de carbono.

“O projeto não conseguiu reconhecer o ímpeto político criado em torno do ETS”, disse Sanjeev Kumar, do grupo ambiental E3G.

EFICIÊNCIA PODE AUMENTAR O EXCEDENTE

Os preços do carbono podem diminuir ainda mais se a União Europeia conseguir melhorar seus recordes em eficiência energética, o que aumentaria o excedente de permissões de carbono.

A Dinamarca, que atualmente preside a UE, tem um compromisso nacional com a agenda verde do bloco e afirmou que incentivaria uma aplicação mais rigorosa das metas de eficiência da UE.

Mas o país também admitiu a dificuldade de atingir um acordo político com todos os 27 membros da UE e declarou que não tinha certeza se um acordo para cortar as permissões de carbono poderia ser concluído durante sua presidência de seis meses.

A melhoria da eficiência energética é a única meta não-obrigatória que a UE estabeleceu entre os três objetivos para 2020. Eles são: cortar as emissões de carbono em 20% e aumentar a participação das fontes de energia renovável para 20%, bem como melhorar a eficiência energética em 20%.

A UE está a caminho de atingir suas duas metas obrigatórias, mas por enquanto espera-se que atinja apenas cerca de metade da meta de eficiência não-obrigatória.

“Se a UE alcançar seus objetivos de eficiência energética, isso poderia permitir à UE superar a atual meta de 20% de redução de emissões e atingir 25% de redução até 2020”, apontam as conclusões do projeto visto pela Reuters.

Uma referência à possibilidade de um corte de 25% suscitou um debate tempestuoso no ano passado, quando a Polônia, que então detinha a presidência rotativa da UE, bloqueou o estabelecimento dessa meta.

Outro projeto visto pela Reuters mostrou que o aumento da meta de redução de emissões da UE para 30% até 2020 seria muito menos custoso do que se pensava, embora fosse mais caro para nações do leste da Europa, como a Polônia, que é fortemente dependente de carvão, fonte intensa de carbono.


Traduzido: Jéssica Lipinski
Autor: Barbara Lewis
Fonte: Reuters
Original: http://bit.ly/yDsk1t


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A nuclear power station, in background, is the center of the livelihood of Fessenheim. It also happens to sit in a seismic zone. (Photography: Pascal Bastien for The New York Times)

FESSENHEIM, France — The protesters who periodically descend upon this rural village say the aging nuclear power station here, in the woods beyond the cornfields, is a calamity in waiting.

They note that its twin reactors, the country’s oldest, were built 30 feet below the dike of the canal that runs alongside the Rhine River — the water serves as the station’s coolant — but that France’s national utility, which runs the plant, has declined to study the consequences of a break in the embankment.

The plant also sits in a seismic zone — in 1356, an earthquake decimated the Swiss city of Basel, just 30 miles south — and atop one of Europe’s largest aquifers. The concrete containment vessels that surround the reactors at Fessenheim are just a fraction of the thickness of those at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan, at least one of which was shown to have cracked in the disaster there.

The front-runner in this year’s presidential race, the Socialist François Hollande, has pledged to close the plant if he is elected in May.


Candidates for France’s presidency differ on the future of nuclear power. (The New York Times)

Given France’s decades of heavy investment in nuclear power, however, and the feelings of national pride and independence that are wrapped up in it, that stance is controversial across the country, and anathema in Fessenheim.

Even in the wake of the meltdown in Japan, as France’s European neighbors have begun to close nuclear plants, this village quite likes its power station. Just a mile or so from the border with Germany — which closed its eight oldest reactors within days of the Fukushima disaster — Fessenheim seems a fitting symbol of France’s attachment to the atom.

The village’s 2,341 inhabitants pay little heed to the warnings of catastrophe from antinuclear types. They are far more interested, they say, in the doctors and nurses who have chosen to work here, the bike lanes and freshly paved roads, the pharmacy, the supermarket, the public pool, media center and athletic complex, as well as the day care center, the nursery school, the elementary and middle schools — all of them subsidized by the millions of euros in taxes that flow from the plant each year.

“Everything depends on the power plant,” said Fabienne Stich, 53, the mayor. Her office overlooks Fessenheim’s main intersection, where new traffic lights and a conspicuously modern electronic information display were installed last year.

The 1,800-megawatt power station, which entered into service in 1977, is the center of the village’s livelihood. To close it, Ms. Stich said, would be “catastrophic.”

France’s 58 nuclear reactors produce nearly 75 percent of the country’s electricity — the largest proportion for any nation in the world — with a total installed capacity second only to that of the United States. The nuclear industry accounts for an estimated 400,000 jobs, and France sells and builds nuclear plants abroad. The country is the world’s largest net exporter of electricity.

Just over the Rhine, Germany’s remaining nine reactors are scheduled for closing by 2022. Switzerland’s government banned the construction of new nuclear plants last May. Spain has had a similar ban in place for years, while in Italy, where the last nuclear plant ceased operation in 1990, voters last year repealed a government plan for new sites.

France, meanwhile, has shut not a single reactor in the wake of the disaster in Japan, and it is building a next-generation plant on the northern coast. In a report released this week, the government auditing agency advised that the country’s reliance on nuclear energy is such that France has little choice but to continue operating all its nuclear stations for at least the coming decade.

President Nicolas Sarkozy has pledged to protect the industry from his presidential opponents. “Our nuclear industry constitutes a force — an economic force, a considerable strategic source for France,” he said in November. “To destroy it would have consequences that would be — I dare to use the word — dramatic.”

With the exception of the Greens, however, who call for the immediate closing of all French plants, Mr. Sarkozy and his opponents in fact largely agree on the nuclear question. Mr. Hollande has suggested only a gradual drawdown of just one-third of the country’s installed capacity, despite his pledge to close the Fessenheim plant.

That promise outraged labor unions and the town. While they are the oldest in France, the reactors are newer than many others across the world and have undergone continual renovation, they note.

“It’s certain that ‘zero risk’ does not exist,” Ms. Stich said. “But nothing would justify this closure.”

Those opposed to nuclear power, however, joined by a number of regional politicians, maintain that the station at Fessenheim constitutes an unreasonable risk. “It’s a veritable sword of Damocles over the heads of the local populace,” said André Hatz, a member of the antinuclear group Stop Fessenheim.

EDF, the French national utility, says it has always taken adequate steps to protect the plant from all reasonable hypothetical dangers. But in January, the French nuclear safety agency ordered it to study the potential consequences of a break in the dike. Last summer, the agency ordered the reinforcement of the containment vessel for one of the reactors.

And while the plant was constructed to withstand a magnitude-6.7 tremor, Mr. Hatz worries that the region may once have seen a more powerful earthquake: Swiss and German experts estimate that the 1356 Basel earthquake was of a magnitude of 6.9. (French experts have estimated it at 6.2.)

“This is what we call the policy of the ostrich,” with its head in the sand, Mr. Hatz said.

As for the lack of worry among local inhabitants, he added, “When you get so much money, your vision is clouded, you don’t see things clearly anymore.”

Of 900 workers at the plant, about 250 are residents of the village, Ms. Stich said; dozens of local and regional companies depend upon it for business.

“It keeps the village alive,” said Angélique Busser, 32, who works at the village bakery, where sandwiches for plant workers account for a major part of business. Ms. Busser, who once worked as a cleaner at the power station, has no concerns about safety there. “It’s all watched incredibly closely, after all,” she said.

“We wouldn’t be here if it weren’t for the power plant,” said Josiane Ruthmann, 48, who runs the Hôtel Restaurant Ruthmann with her husband, Bernard, a chef. The couple moved to Fessenheim two decades ago after several years in Los Angeles, Washington and Montreal.

“I recognize it, it’s true — we need to get out of nuclear,” said Ms. Ruthmann, citing concerns about radioactive waste. “But they need to find an alternative before they close it down.”

Her husband has little patience for the protesters. “I don’t know how many of them read their books by candlelight or do their laundry in a bucket,” he said, laughing. Still, he said, “It’s good for me when they come to demonstrate.” A businessman at heart, he assures the protesters that he shares their convictions, and business booms at the bar.

Author: Scott Sayare
Source: The New York Times
Original: http://nyti.ms/y6tpxA


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